"This USDA website will not be updated during a lapse in federal funding. Content on this website will not be current or maintained until funding issues have been resolved. However, if there is information that affects security, life, and property, this website will continue to update that information during a funding lapse."

Home » Products » Publications » Drought limitations to leaf-level gas exchange: results from a model linking stomatal optimization and cohesion-tension theory
 

Drought limitations to leaf-level gas exchange: results from a model linking stomatal optimization and cohesion-tension theory


We merge concepts from stomatal optimization theory and cohesion tension theory to examine the dynamics of three mechanisms that are potentially limiting to leaf-level gas exchange in trees during drought: (1) a demand limitation driven by an assumption of optimal stomatal functioning; (2) hydraulic limitation of water movement from the roots to the leaves; and (3) non-stomatal limitations imposed by declining leaf water status within the leaf. Model results suggest that species-specific economics of stomatal behaviour may play an important role in differentiating species along the continuum of isohydric to anisohydric behaviour; specifically, we show that non-stomatal and demand limitations may reduce stomatal conductance and increase leaf water potential, promoting wide safety margins characteristic of isohydric species. We used model results to develop a diagnostic framework to identify the most likely limiting mechanism to stomatal functioning during drought and showed that many of those features were commonly observed in field observations of tree water use dynamics. Direct comparisons of modelled and measured stomatal conductance further indicated that non-stomatal and demand limitations reproduced observed patterns of tree water use well for an isohydric species but that a hydraulic limitation likely applies in the case of an anisohydric species.

2016

Novick, Kimberly A.
Miniat, Chelcy F.
Vose, James M.

Scientific Journal (JRNL)

Plant, Cell & Environment

Novick, Kimberly A.; Miniat, Chelcy F.; Vose, James M. 2016. Drought limitations to leaf-level gas exchange: results from a model linking stomatal optimization and cohesion-tension theory. Plant, Cell & Environment, Vol. 39(3): 583-596 14 p. 10.1111/pce.12657


Refine Search

 
Personal tools